The handloom industry saw a setback in the traditional process of manufacturing Khadi, through manual charkhas and looms. The conventional way involved less productivity, inefficiency and drudgery. The Khadi was soon losing its symbolic value, it once had, “a fabric for all”. Keeping alive the culture of handloom activity as the household activity, we established Bhartiya Khadi Gramodaya Sansthan, and introduced an economically viable and replicable model to revive the Khadi industry.
Khadi was in the negative list until recently. The intervention of Bhartiya Harit Khadi led the Government to remove Khadi from the negative list of Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP).
The process involved in Khadi production, from spinning to weaving, is extremely eco-friendly. It is one-of-its-kind textile which does not utilise any fossil fuel nor does the process of making khadi involve any generation of toxic substances.
BHKGS aims at manufacturing khadi organically be it from cotton fibre or other eco-friendly locally available resource like banana leaves or milk. The use of solar charkhas and solar looms will ensure the continuous work flow in the various steps that involve production of Khadi.
A metre of the mill fabric guzzles down around 55 litres of water. On the other hand, only three litres of water is required in the production of a metre of Khadi. Thus, the zero-carbon footprint fabric – khadi – also sees less water consumption.
Provision of raw material to the beneficiaries, ensuring quality of finished product, maintenance of solar charkha, technical support and guidance.
Sale of finished products to open market as well as designated outlets of khadi and providing facilities to avail PMEGP loans and subsidy to transform trainee or housewives into productive micro-entrepreneur to uplift their livelihoods.
Bhartiya Harit Khadi Gramodaya Sansthan aims at providing the various employment opportunities to the women and youths living in rural India. It also aims at strengthening a woman’s place in their respective families. By installing solar charkhas in their homes, the skilled artisans will get to work from the comfort of their home; through this they can easily work and earn as well as do their household chores. With the solar charkhas of 10 spindles, the skilled artisans can earn Rs 6000 to Rs. 9000 if they produce up to 38 kg of yarn in a month.
The BHKGS also promises to provide social security to the artisans with the Government schemes namely, PM Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana, PM Suraksha Bima Yojana and Atal Pension Yojana. The PM Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana offers the coverage of death. Under this scheme only the nominees can accrue the benefits. The PM Suraksha Bima Yojana provides coverage for accidental or natural deaths. The Atal Pension Yojna is beneficial for the elderly as it provides the beneficiaries with the financial assistance in old age; the artisans will get pension between Rs 1000-Rs 5000 under this scheme.
Such an earning by the skilled artisans will strengthen roles in their families and will uplift their standard of living, thereby, contributing towards “Beti Bachao Beti Padhao”, an initiative that focuses on the girl child education.